World Malaria Day
What is Malaria?
According to World Health Organization – Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. It is preventable and curable.
What are the symptoms of malaria?
The symptoms of malaria typically develop within 10 days to four week following the infection. In some cases, symptoms may not develop for several month. some malaria parasite can enter the body but will be dormant for a long period of time.
Common symptoms of malaria include:
*Shaking chill than can range from moderate to sever
THE TOP 4 TIPS FOR PREVENTING MALARIA
1. DETERMINE YOUR LEVEL OF RISK
Inform yourself about your destination and the risk for getting malaria.
Things you should consider are:
a.The time of the year you are travelling
b.The duration of your stay
c.The activities you plan to do and where you will be staying.
The risk for an infection can vary considerably, even within a single country. Successful malaria prophylaxi depends on your knowledge make sure you know about malaria risk areas before you go
2. STAY IN WELL-SCREENED AREAS AT NIGHT
Avoid sleeping outside or in the vicinity of areas where mosquitoes like, e.g. standing water (tyres, lakes, waste dumps). If you are sleeping in the tent, make sure there is no holes anywhere and keep the door closed at all times. These may be very basic rules, but they can significantly increase the success of your malaria prevention effort
3. ALWAYS USE A BED-NET IMPREGNATED WITH INSECTICIDES
check that net is not damage and always ensure it is properly tucked underneath your mattress. The room itself should have additional net attached to the windows and doors. Keep the air condition on, as mosquitoes tend to stay out of cool, air-conditioned rooms.
4. USE MOSQUITO REPELLENT
use an insect spray contacting pyrethroids in all living and sleeping areas, especially during evening and nighttime hours.
HOW IS MALARIA DIAGNOSED?
Your doctor will be able to diagnose malaria. During your appointment, your doctor will review your health history, including any recent travel to tropical climate. A physical exam will also be performed. your doctor will be to determine if you have an enlarge spleen or liver. If you have symptoms of malaria, your doctor may order additional blood test to confirm your diagnosis. These test will show:
*Whether you have malaria
*What type of malaria you have
*If your infection is caused by parasite that’s resistant to certain types of drugs
*If the disease has affected your vital organs
Malaria can cause a number of life -threatening complications. the following may occur:
*Swelling of the blood vessels of the brain, or cerebral malaria
*An accumulation of fluid in the lungs that causes breathing problems, or pulmonary edema
*Organ failure of the kidneys, liver, or spleen
*Anemia due to the destruction of red blood cells
*Low blood sugar
HOW IS MALARIA TREATED?
MALARIA can be a life-threatening condition, especially if you have P. FALCIPARUM. TREATMENT for the disease is typically provided in hospital. Your doctor will prescribe medication base on the type of parasite you are infected with.
In some instances, the medication prescribed may not clear the infection because of parasite resistance of drugs. If this occurs, your doctor may need to use more than one medication or change medication all together to treat your condition.
Additionally, certain types of malaria, suchas P. Vivax and P. Ovale, have several stages where the parasite can live in your body for an extended period of time and reactivate at a later date causing a relapse of the infection. If you are found to have one these types of malaria, you will be given a second medication to prevent a relapse in the future.
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